| Issue 81
WAKE UP! WAKE UP!
IT'S YER SIZZLIN'.
Report: Ecological Revolution in Bougainville
"IT AIN'T 'ARF HOT
Will Britain soon
become a nation of wine growers and sun flower harvesters?
You'd think so if you've
read a new report out this week published by the Dept of Environment.
They reckon the south east could have the same climate as the Loire
Valley in France by 2040. So in 50 years time could we all be sipping
Chateau Justice? outside the Nouveau Kensington wine bar in the
hazy summer heat? Perhaps not - as no one can be certain about the
effects of global warming except that our climate will become more
unstable, with more storms and droughts likely. The British Isles
could even become colder (perish the thought)! If it were not for
the Gulf Stream bringing warm water from the Gulf of Mexico to Britain,
we would have the same climate as Northern Canada. Rising sea temperatures
could mean that the Gulf Stream stops working. The effects could
be much worse elsewhere, with massive areas of fertile land at risk
from flooding, and huge swathes of land becoming deserts. The Intergovernmental
Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) which was set up in 1988 by the UN
to report on the effects of global warming has produced worrying
findings. It is made up of over 1,000 scientists, and they now agree
that climatic change is happening. They also accept that humanity
is almost certainly responsible for global warming, and urgent action
is needed to prevent it.
This week's UN Convention
on Climate Change, is recommending a 10% cut in greenhouse gas emissions.
This is nowhere near enough, as most experts accept that global
warming is already happening. Even insurance companies are getting
worried. This week a group of 58 international insurers called on
first world governments to achieve "early substantial reductions"
in greenhouse emissions. If conservative institutions such as this
are getting their knickers in a twist, we should be shitting our
Amazingly there are still
some who disagree with even a cut, and are pressuring for nothing
to be done until the next century as hasty action could be bad for
business. The Global Climate Coalition who will be at the conference
refuse to accept that action needs to be taken, and believe that
"until our understanding of climate change improves, the United
States should avoid drastic action"!!! How long do they want to
wait for? Until the waves are lapping at the White House? A quick
look at their membership list may reveal their motives for not wanting
to act: it includes Shell, BP, Exxon, and car manufacturers - all
well known guardians of the planet. It's hardly surprising then,
that they aren't too keen on acting against global warming, as it
is their relentless pursuit of profits which is causing it! With
groups like those round the table in Geneva, don't hold your breath
waiting for a solution.
DID YOU KNOW?
. The world has warmed
by between about 03°C and 0.6°C in the last 100 yeas. This has been
the warmest century for at least 600 years.
. An average warming
of 2°C is predicted by the end of the next century. This warming
will be greater at high latitudes.
. Global sea level
has risen by between 10-25cm in the last 100 years, largely because
of thermal expansion of water due to warning. The surface layer
of the sea is becoming warmer at greater depths.
. Even if dramatic
reductions in emissions of greenhouse gases are achieved, the global
temperature will continue to climb for several decades into the
. Sea levels will
continue to rise for many centuries even after concentrations of
greenhouse gases we stabilised due to thermal inertia of the oceans.
By 2100, sea level is projected to rise by anything between 15 and
95cm (the best estimate is 50cm.)
SPANISH CIVIL WAR
- 60 YEARS ON
On July 19th 1936 the
factory sirens began to wail in Barcelona as each group of workers
passed on the pre-arranged signal that troops were leaving the city's
barracks to launch their long-expected military coup. Franco and
the other fascist generals thought it would all be over within 24
hours, but resistance was so determined and well organised that
it was not until 1939, with massive aid from Mussolini and Hitler,
that Franco finally managed to impose his regime on the whole country.
In Catalonia (the region
around Barcelona) the workers mainly organised themselves through
the CNT, a revolutionary trade union which was run without bureaucrats,
and relied instead on ordinary members to decide what needed doing.
Seizing the opportunity they had spent years preparing for, the
workers took over and collectivised whole sections of society -
from trams to shoe factories and hydro-electric dams. Expensive
restaurants were taken over and converted into popular canteens,
the waiters posting signs which said 'Don't tip us - we are your
equals'. Free schools took over from the repressive Catholic institutions
and many barracks and prisons were demolished. Within days of the
military uprising the first militia columns were formed and left
Barcelona to reconquer those areas which had fallen to the fascists.
This was a popular army formed by men and women who elected their
own officers and helped organise agricultural collectives in the
The revolution was eventually
defeated - not least because Britain and the other 'democracies'
didn't lift a finger to stop fascism - and Franco's victory encouraged
the growth of Nazism and fascism throughout Europe.
Nevertheless, many Spanish
workers showed incredible courage and ingenuity in the way they
defied the military - as did the volunteers of the International
Brigade, who fought alongside them. The same traditions of roots
democracy and working class self-confidence still survive today
in unions throughout Spain - many of them directly inspired by what
happened 60 years ago. Closer to home, the Liverpool dock strike
is breathing new life into the ideal of international solidarity...
which has included magnificent support from the dockers with in
the Spain and Portugal.
* It is in recognition
of these human qualities that a celebration has been organised by
the Spanish Anniversary Committee of music, poetry films and discussions
in Glasgow for July 18th-20th, for further details ring 0141429
* Two top books to chase
up on the war are The Spanish Cockpit by Franz Borkenau & Blood
of Spain by Ronald Fraser.
SINGLE STREET PARTY IS WORTH MORE THAN 1000 TRAFFIC JAMS!
OH MY GOD I'M GONNA
DIE Of SKIN CANCER! WHAT CAN I DO?
* Smash up any socially
non-useful vehicles you may find that would otherwise be spluttering
carbon monoxide into the air.
* Try to produce your
own food, and buy locally. Get into some forest gardening (see last
week's SchNEWS). For gardening book list send SAE to Permanent
Publications, Hyden House, Little Hyden Lane, Clanfield, Hampshire,
* If you wanna help find
out what those nasty corporations are up to, get involved with Corporate
Watch Tel: 01865 791391, write c/o E. Oxford Community Centre, Princes
* Trees can contribute
to the solution of many of the problems that challenge humankind:
maintaining water supplies, checking floods, droughts, soil erosion
desertification, helping reverse global warming... Read 'Abundant
Living - in the Coming Age of the Tree' £2.30 inc p+p from The
Movement for Compassionate Living / The Vegan Way, 47 Highlands
Road, Leatherhead, Surrey, KT22 8NQ. Also available are 'Recipes
for a Sustainable Future', 'Growing Our Own' and 'Food For Everyone'.
What we want to know is, where's 'Skipping Lunch: Supermarkets Without
* Consume less energy,
and use what you have more efficiently - The Centre for Alternative
Technology can offer practical advice on sustainable living
* Cow's bottoms are another
big source of global warming - and we all know who breeds loads
of those for burgers, don't we kids?
* Bury your head in the
sand and wait for the waves to come sweeping across your shoulders.
Big Nice One! going out
to our mates in Lewes who have just blagged £47,000 off the National
Mockery for The Nutty Wizard - A community cafe providing a free
space for the town's young people to get together without the pressure
to spend, spend, spend. The idea was dreamt up following the tragic
death last year of Tim Smale, who helped set up two squatted community
centres in Lewes. At the moment they're looking for a building but
hope to have the cafe up and being run by volunteers in the autumn.
* Memorial gig
for Tim at the All Saints Centre in Lewes 26th July 8:00pm £2.
* The Nutty Wizard Community Cafe: Kate 01273 472940
In 1975 the military
dictatorship of Indonesia invaded neighbouring East Timor and since
then over a third of the population has been killed. As usual
the British government has supported companies like British Aerospace
(BAe) making a pretty profit out of the genocide. BAe are one
of the world's largest arms manufacturers and are currently building
24 Hawk fighter jets for Indonesia. Jets that are used to bomb the
people of East Timor. In January four women from the East Timor
Ploughshares group decided it was time to take some action, and
went to the BAe factory in Lancashire. Armed with just household
hammers they totally wrote off one of the £13 million fighter planes!
They have been in remand ever since and face trial at Liverpool
Crown Court on Monday 22nd July. Give 'em your support, they could
be going down for a while. Ring 0171 607 2302 if you can help in
any way or want to find out more about the campaign.
* Next Justice?
meeting will be showing the Seeds of Hope video at Brighton Unemployed
Centre 17th July 7:30pm. All Welcome!
GREEDY DOLE SCROUNGERS
Greedy dole scroungers
are set to bring down the economy by wanting to live on slightly
more than £45 a week. SHOP YER MATES AND SAVE THE GOVERNMENT SOME
CASH! For the next couple of weeks the Benefits fraud squad are
coming to Brighton. A special phone has been up and running for
a week for an 'amnesty' period in which if you turn yourself in
there will be no penalties. After this period the fraud squad will
be trying to track down those cheating on the myriad of rules that
come with state handouts.
Don't be intimidated!
Their whole tactic is to scare people into shopping themselves -
the fraud squad is minimally staffed and relies on making the poorest
people in town feel so guilty for trying to make ends meet that
they shop themselves. In previous years even Brighton Peace Centre
has come under the spotlight from the fraudies - trying to catch
people out who were apparently doing too much volunteer work! Dole
staff secretly admit that the fraud line has made "bugger all difference"
- they've had two or three martyrs but otherwise the phones have
been silent - apart from all the nuisance calls of course!
Social Security bosses
are trying to link the fraud squad hits to the Job Seekers Allowance
(cumin' your way in October). Because obviously they're going to
need the JSA after all the terrible fraud they're going to discover,
aren't they? Brighton is just the latest town to get the dole-cops
on our backs in this trial run tour of Britain. After another trial
period in Haringey the local council was inspired to come up with
its own Shop the Squatters hotline. Apparently it's catching on
because Camden is now doing the same thing. Again, the strategy
is to get us spying on each other - divide and rule. The whole thing
has nothing to do with saving money - if they wanted to do that
they'd crack down on the billions of pounds fiddled by rich tax
dodgers - and conveniently ignores the fact that £millions of benefits
go unclaimed. The DSS have just scrapped their free helpline to
help you find out if you are entitled to anything you aren't getting.
* Give 'em a ring!
The "Crackdown" officially begins on Monday 15th. Blockade the phones
on Monday to let them know how you feel. Freephone 0800 854 440
* The Dole-cops are next expected in Rhyl and Medway.
* If you see their
leaflets in your post office grab the lot - free bog paper!
* Brighton Against
the JSA - c/o Prior House, 6 Tilbury Pl. Brighton. Tel: 671 213
AND IN ANOTHER WORLD...
Apparently MPs need a little bit more than the £28.80 the dole reckons
is enough for some people's "normal living expenses". On Wednesday
they voted themselves a nice little 26% pay rise - they are now
on just £43,000 a year, with cabinet ministers on £86,991 and the
Prime Minister on £101,557. And that's without all the perks.
SchNEWS in Brief
Thurs afternoon: Transport
Minister John Watts opens the Dijon to Belfast Euroroute through
Solsbury Hill. 50 activists blockade the road. The first
vehicle along the new road was a cop van carrying the 24 arrestees.
*** Did you see any arrests rests outside the Red Eye Pub
on Saturday 1st June during Hackney Anarchy Week? If you did - or
were nicked yourself - please contact those wonderful people at
the Legal Defence and Monitoring Group a.s.a.p. 0171 837 6687
*** Anyone wanting to be a steward for the Brighton Festival
of Freedom (Sat 10th Aug), contact Annie on 01273 278018
*** SchOOPS! We forgot to tell you the date of the ALIVE
meeting. It's on Monday 22nd July, 6pm at the Prince Albert pub
(downstairs). ALIVE (Alternative, Low-Impact, Village, Enterprise)
are a group setting up a low impact housing, environmental and community
project within Brighton. New ideas and people most welcome
*** Brighton and Hove Green Party discussion and talk on
permaculture. Tues 16 July 8:45-10pm Springfield pub, Springfield
road, Brighton. 675236 for more info
*** An interesting improvement to a Brighton billboard appeared
last week, when a Tory "Yes It Hurt, Yes It Worked" poster
had "Stephen Milligan" sprayed in orange underneath it. Sick readers
may remember he was the Tory MP who put paid to the 'Back to Basics'
campaign by being found dead in his house in suspenders and bra
with an orange in his mouth and a noose round his neck...
warns all readers not to attend any illegal gatherings or take part
in any criminal activities or street parties. Always stay within
the law. In fact, please sit at home, watch TV, and go on endless
shopping sprees filling your lives and homes with endless consumer
crap... you will then feel content. Honest.
SchNEWS FREE! Just send 1st Class stamps (eg 20 for next 20 issues)
or donations (payable to Justice?) Mark Original if you plan to
copy: SchNEWS c/o on-the-fiddle PO Box 2600 Brighton East Sussex
BN2 2DX SchNEWS is free to prisoners tel/fax. (01273)
685913 e-mail: email@example.com e-SchNEWS:
Next Justice? meeting:
Wednesday July 17th 7.30pm Video on Ploughshares Hawk Jet Action
@ Brighton Unemployed Centre, off Carlton Hill behind Amex
SchNEWS is free to dole
with a population of only 160,000 has managed to close one of the
biggest copper mines in the world. Despite having to fight the armed
PNG army, they have held their ground for 8 years with antique guns
& homemade guns made out of water piping and planks.
"We now understand
and have seen with our own eyes the destructive effects of the Copper
mine operations on our land, our environment, our society and our
culture. The mine will remain closed for the rest of our lives."
- Declaration of Panguna Landowners, December 1992
lies only 7km west from the nearest of the Solomon Islands. It's
population is estimated to be 160,000. Originally colonised by the
Dutch, it then fell under German and, after World War 1, Australian
control. Despite close cultural and geographical links with the
Solomon Islands, it was governed as part of Papua New Guinea (320
miles to the west). When PNG was given `independence' in 1975, Bougainville
Island was placed under its flag.
In 1969 CRA, an Australian
subsidiary of the British mining giant - Rio Tinto Zinc - forcibly
established a copper mine on Bougainville. From the beginning the
island's people resisted the construction of the mine. News footage
of Bouganvillean women, fighting with riot police over CRA survey
pegs, received international coverage. In Bougainville, women are
the traditional landowners - land is passed from `woman to woman'.
To put it lightly, on this occasion it was clear their land was
not being passed on in a traditional manner. The building of the
mine saw 800 villagers landless and another 1,400 without fishing
rights as land was seized and rainforest cleared. The subsistence
life of gardening and fishing was destroyed. 220 hectares of rainforest
was poisoned, felled, burned and bulldozed. After 20 years the mine
had grown to a huge crater half a kilometre deep and nearly 7km
in circumference, creating over a billion tonnes of waste. This
was dumped into the Jaba River Valley creating a wall of waste hundreds
of metres high, turning one of the islands biggest river systems
In 1988, after two decades
of ignored protests, petitions and compensation claims Bougainvilleans
had had enough. A handful of islanders stole company explosives
destroying electricity pylons, buildings and machinery. By using
guerilla tactics they succeeded in closing the mine. Until the war
broke out in 1988, the mine accounted for around 45% of all Papua
New Guinea's total export earnings. Without these earnings PNG is
quickly going bust. Papua New Guinea (PNG), with the assistance
of Australia, responded by sending in the military. Following this,
Bougainville declared itself independent from the PNG and the Bougainvilleans
formed the Bougainville Revolutionary Army (BRA) to defend their
land and their environment from further exploitation.
stand idle and see our boys and innocent people being killed so
we had to stand up and defend somehow, and it was then that we thought
of forming a militant type organisation to contain what the security
forces were doing to us."
- BRA Spokesperson
are getting no outside aid from any country, they are seriously
outgunned, yet they have fought off PNG for eight years with antiques
and homemade guns made out of water piping and planks. Springs from
old mining machinery make reliable firing mechanisms. PNG transports
its troops around in military trucks and helicopters. The Bougainville
Revolutionary Army makes do with a small amount of company vehicles
it took from the the mine, which it runs on coconut oil. A group
of villagers working for about 20 hours can produce enough fuel
to drive a 4WD vehicle 50 miles over rough terrain. Coconut Oil
quite literally fuels the revolution. It not only powers `Radio
Free Bougainville' it also powers the lathes which the BRA use to
turn the water pipes from the mine into home made gun barrles.
The Australian government
claims that it does not support PNG's war on the people of Bougainville.
IT'S LYING. Australia has been funding, arming and directing
the PNG military since the beginning. Australia provides Papua New
Guinea with $32 million in military aid plus much more in untied
aid. Almost half of the Papua New Guinea Defence Force has been
trained in Australia since the beginning of the crisis. Austalian
military advisors are on the island directing PNG army operations.
Guns & ammunition used by the PNG army are manufactured and/or
supplied by Australia.
also advised Papua New Guinea to enforce a total goods and service
blockade of the island, including medical supplies. No one is allowed
on or off the island. Many of those trying to carry supplies in
or refugees out have been killed by the PNG army who maintain a
stranglehold around the island thanks to the Australian-provided
patrol boats, speedboats, Iroquois helicopters and Nomad aircraft.
When advising PNG to blockade, they anticipated that Bougainvilleans
would succumb to the hardships in "3-4 weeks". Six years
after this projection Bougainvilleans are still under siege and
are showing no signs of surrender.
PNG and Australia are
committing genocide - the planned destruction of a people. Since
the start of the war thanks to massacres and preventable diseases
10,000 Bougainvilleans have died - 7% of the population. In an attempt
to isolate the Bougainvillean Revolutionary Army (BRA) from the
civilian population, the PNG military has been demolishing villages
and herding the villagers into `care centres'. `Care centres' are
the PNG's preferred term for concentration camps.
agree that environmental concerns cannot be disassociated from human
concerns. 'Environment' encompasses both ecological and cultural
rights; the two are too often sacrificed side by side. Government
tactics such as forced evictions and population transfers are part
and parcel of development that, in the name of economic growth,
justify ecological destruction and the dispossession of peoples.
The intent of the perpetrators of this evil blockade and seige is
to create disunity on the islands through suffering and death, to
torture women and children into submission, to steal back the mining
resources at the expense of society and environment, to own the
people and their island"
- Martin Miriori, Bougainville Interim Government.
Australia has many reasons
for trying to destroy the Bougainville rebellion. The main reasons
are its industrial and geopolitical interests. The Rio Tinto Zinc
subsidiary (CRA) that owned the mine is Australian and the resistance
on Bougainville could seriously weaken Australia's hold on the region.
As mentioned above, from 1918 to 1975 (with a brief interruption
during the 2nd World War) Papua New Guinea was run under colonialism
by Australia. PNG became an independent (sic) state in 1975 and
was shaped by Australia as a block between it and the evolving regional
superpower - Indonesia. PNG's western sponsored power elites control
of it its own population is very unstable. PNG is not welded together
by a common language or culture, but is still mainly tribal. Many
have declared their wish to, as a common saying goes, `do a Bougainville'.
The PNG military has been greatly weakened by the loss of revenue
from the mine, and if the BRA were successful it would almost definitely
trigger similar struggles for self rule on the mainland. In such
a situation the PNG military could simply collapse. Indonesia (which
is already in forced occupation of neighbouring West Papua), would
probably take advantaged of the power vacuum and invade PNG. This
would seriously weaken Australian power in the region.
Besiege the Australian
London July 15th July
Cross Station Midday
Make Your Rage Felt!
This message to Bougainvilleans
can be attributed to the PNG Prime Minister and comes from a televised
address to the nation (21.3.96). PNG is not interested in peace.
When BRA reps turned up for peace talks in `95, they were fired
on by PNG troops. As you read this the PNG military is launching
its biggest ever offensive. Their orders are printed below. Reports
are coming in of land mines being laid. Guess which country provided
them? We need to tell the world about Australia's secret war, it
has taken great lengths to hide its level of involvement in Bougainville
- we need to expose it. We have to target the offices of Australian
interests in Britain, target the mining company RTZ. We need to
raise money for medical aid. Against the odds Bougainvilleans have
managed to hold their ground. It's up to us to carry out the vital
work of taking their struggle global. Let's pull together and support
"Land is our
life, land is our physical life - food and sustenance. Land is our
social life, it is marriage; it is status; it is security; it is
politics; in fact, it is our only world. When you take our land,
you cut out the very heart of our existence."
Victory to the
Victory to the
People of Bougainville!
"Our fish in the
river sometimes we would find them dead, floating. Some times even
fish in the sea. Each time we reported this to the health officers.
Nothing was ever done about it. Every time we complained they would
say it'll be alright. It'll be alright; you will get the money,
but money compared to what we lost is nothing.
In January 25th of 1990
my brother went to work as usual, the security forces went to him
and told him not to say anything. He tried to ask them why they
were taking him but he was bashed with the butt of the gun. He was
beaten up, ripped off his clothes, thrown in the back of the car
where ten of the soldiers were sitting and he was driven off. He
was still screaming when they got their gun and they somehow maybe
they hit the side of his mouth with their gun and two of his teeth
fell off. Then he was shot in his heart once and another time in
The PNG cannot win our
hearts because we cannot forget our loved ones. We cannot accept
it, they killed us in cold murder. We have never experienced things
like this in our lives, the only place where I saw similar things
was on TV."
ORDER 2133 - Papua New
Guinea Defence Force 21st May 1996
- "Search for the
rebels and kill them."
who are suspected harbouring the BRA must be killed without
"Get the rebels
out. Do not leave any of them, but wipe them out."
food - gardens, houses and any shelter found in the jungle,
clean it up."
found to be an ordinary civilian is to be forced into care centres.
If anyone is disorderly they must be beaten, but do not cause
For Further info on how we can help Bougainville, send
an SAE to:
Freedom Movement (UK)
c/o SDEF!, Prior House, Tilbury Place, Brighton, East Sussex